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                        會聚眾多精英的國民黨為何挽回不了敗局
                        來源:《黨史博覽》2019年第5期  作者:任逸飛  點擊次數:592

                        1949年敗退臺灣前,國民黨政府會聚了一群來自世界頂尖名校的精英,如長期執掌國民黨政府財政大權的宋子文,是哈佛大學碩士、哥倫比亞大學博士;歷任實業部長、財政部長、中央銀行總裁的孔祥熙,畢業于耶魯大學;外交翹楚顧維鈞,是哥倫比亞大學博士;曾任教育部長的王世杰,是倫敦大學碩士、巴黎大學博士;原駐美大使葉公超,是劍橋大學碩士;孫中山之子孫科,是哥倫比亞大學博士;曾任教育部長的朱家驊,是柏林大學博士……然而,盡管有著眾多精英的支持,國民黨卻依然無法挽回其在大陸的敗局。為何?

                        必須看到,這批名校精英大多“由學而仕”,當蔣介石面對財政金融、國際交涉、教育學術方面的難題時,他們也確實能為他排憂解難。可是,精英們在政壇大展拳腳的同時,卻往往缺乏解決中國社會現實問題的能力。

                        精英們的西化背景,使得他們對當時中國社會的實際情況,尤其是農村中的情況都很隔膜。這直接導致了國民黨高層提出的許多改革方案往往都不切實際,淪為空談,最終也就無法收獲民眾的支持。

                        (鄭思摘自《文史博覽》2018年第12期,任逸飛文)

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